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  • İbrahim Musa Osman
  • Mithat direk Selçuk Üniversitesi
  • Ramazan Acar


Nile basin, recreation, welfare, water, wetland


The Nile and its tributaries give an impression of the life of the population located in these areas. Likewise, the Nile Basin countries lie in tropical, arid, and semi-arid regions. The Nile crosses about 11 countries. All these countries depend on the Nile for their livelihood and well-being. it is one of the largest freshwater rivers in the world. The Nile journey begins in the tropical forest to the semi-desert and ends in the hottest desert. Sudan's economy is based on agriculture and livestock, which contributes about a third of the population's gross domestic product (GDP). About 40% of agricultural activities depend on the Nile for irrigation water. Wetlands have multidimensional ecosystem goods and services that contribute to environmental, social, and economic benefits critical to human well-being and are responsible for a variety of important ecological functions and services. The physical benefits people derive from the Nile and its wetlands include domestic water supply, fishing, grazing, agriculture, grasses, and wild plants for food, handicrafts, and medicinal purposes. In addition, the Nile provides pneumatic services to the local and tourist communities. Sudan has a rich heritage and stunning natural beauty making it an attractive destination for adventure seekers and history experts along the Nile as the tourism potential. The potentiality of the Nile should be planned to exploit this valuable resource wisely. The policy of sustainable use must be the priority of all decision-makers related to the ecosystem services and conservation of the Nile. Currently, we trying to stress the significance of the Nile (ecosystem services) to the Sudanese livelihood and tourism capacity. 


2023-12-31 — Updated on 2023-12-31

How to Cite

Osman, İbrahim M., direk, M., & Acar, R. (2023). NILE ECOSYSTEM SERVICES AND TOURISM CAPACITY IN SUDAN. International Journal of Social and Economic Sciences, 13(2), 106–112. Retrieved from